IoT sensors can provide farmers with information about crop yields, rainfall, pest infestation, and soil nutrition. Smart farming also involves intensively controlled indoor growing methods. IoT device installations in agriculture will increase from 30 million in 2015 to 75 million in 2020.
Impact on farm machinery
Tractors can include IoT sensors, wireless communications, cloud apps and even steering-wheel replacements that guide precision passes across arable land. A sensor can also measure the pressure being exerted on each seed as it is planted, ensuring that seeds are set at the optimal depth for successful growth.
Agricultural drones can be miniature fixed-wing airplanes, quadcopters or multibladed small helicopters. Crop imaging with a manned aircraft can cost up to $1,000 an hour. In contrast, farmers can buy drones for less than $1,000 each.
Drones - The new farm machine
Drones have multiple farm applications. Some of these include soil and field analysis, planting, crop spraying, crop monitoring, irrigation and health assessment.
Conventional tasks such as tilling, sowing and harvesting of grains can be performed using autonomous robots with great accuracy. The main area of application of robots in agriculture today is at the harvesting stage.
Robots are inolved in multiple agricultural activities, including nursery planting, crop seeding, crop monitoring and analysis, fertilizing and irrigation, crop weeding and spraying, thinning and pruning, autonomous tractors and picking and harvesting.